Windows package manager

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Chocolatey is a package manager for Windows like apt-get or yum but for Windows. With all of this in mind, think of Chocolatey as a framework that you can build on top of. Chef, Puppet, Boxstarter, PowerShell DSC, Ansible, Saltstack, etc all have ways for using Chocolatey to ensure the state of a computer and packages installed. Even Microsoft has decided to use Chocolatey's framework with the PowerShell PackageManagement / OneGet package manager aggregator.


<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell">

  1. List execution policies

Get-ExecutionPolicy -List

  1. Windows Server

Update-ExecutionPolicy -Policy Unrestricted

  1. Windows 10

Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope CurrentUser Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope CurrentUser -Force Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope LocalMachine

  1. Install Chocolatey
    1. Short version

iex ((new-object net.webclient).DownloadString(""))

    1. Full version

Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))

    1. Reload profile

. $profile

  1. Explanation

alias iwr #Alias iwr -> Invoke-WebRequest alias iex #Alias iex -> Invoke-Expression </syntaxhighlightjs>


<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell">

  1. Install

choco install <pkg|packages.config> [<pkg2> <pkgN>] [<options/switches>] cinst <pkg|packages.config> [<pkg2> <pkgN>] [<options/switches>]

  1. Unistall

choco uninstall <pkg|all> [pkg2 pkgN] [options/switches] cuninst <pkg|all> [pkg2 pkgN] [options/switches]

  1. List packages

choco list --local-only choco version all # deprecated in version 1.0.0

  1. Upgrade

choco upgrade all </syntaxhighlightjs>

Install packages

Often packages require to run .ps1 installation steps and you will be prompted with: "The package sublimetext2 wants to run 'chocolateyInstall.ps1'. Note: If you don't run this script, the installation will fail. Note: To confirm automatically next time, use '-y' or consider: choco feature enable -n allowGlobalConfirmation.. So use commands to achieve this:

<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell"> choco feature enable -n allowGlobalConfirmation #one time off choco install -y notepadplusplus #per package </syntaxhighlightjs>

<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell"> cinst putty 7zip postman cinst googlechrome firefox choco install virtualbox choco install minikube kubernetes-cli cinst git-credential-manager-for-windows cinst poshgit # git prompt in PowerShell teminal cinst console-devel cinst vscode notepadplusplus sublimetext2 atom #text editors cinst winmerge # add kdiff3 cinst sourcetree cinst nodejs.install cinst dotpeek cinst fiddler4 # SSL packet inspection termination point and logging choco install dotnetcore-sdk # .Net Core SDK choco install dotnetcore-windowshosting # ASP.NET Core Module for IIS, enabling running of ASP.NET Core applications

  1. Desktop

choco install f.lux.install cinst vlc

  1. Outdated
  2. cinst git-credential-winstore # old use: Git Credential Manager for Windows


Install .net core

<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell"> powershell -NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy unrestricted -Command "[Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [Net.SecurityProtocolType]::Tls12; &([scriptblock]::Create((Invoke-WebRequest -useb ''))) <additional install-script args>" </syntaxhighlightjs>


Install IIS

Install IIS with PowerShell on Windows Server 2016 / VPS / 2019 <syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell">

  1. enable IIS role

Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online | where FeatureName -like 'IIS-*' # check online for available features Get-WindowsFeature -Name Web* | Where-Object Installed # check installed web related features Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server -IncludeManagementTools Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server -IncludeManagementTools -IncludeAllSubFeature Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName IIS-WebDAV # disable IIS sub-feature (uninstall) </syntaxhighlightjs>

Windows desktop developer settings

<syntaxhighlightjs lang="powershell">

  1. Set-WinUserLanguageList -LanguageList en-GB

Set-WindowsExplorerOptions -EnableShowHiddenFilesFoldersDrives -EnableShowProtectedOSFiles -EnableShowFileExtensions -EnableShowFullPathInTitleBar Enable-RemoteDesktop

  1. Set-StartScreenOptio=ns -EnableBootToDesktop
  2. Move-LibraryDirectory "Personal" "$env:UserProfile\<userName>\documents"
  3. Set-WindowsExplorerOptions -EnableShowHiddenFilesFoldersDrives -EnableShowProtectedOSFiles -EnableShowFileExtensions -EnableShowFullPathInTitleBar -EnableOpenFileExplorerToQuickAccess -EnableShowRecentFilesInQuickAccess -EnableShowFrequentFoldersInQuickAccess -EnableExpandToOpenFolder
  4. Set-TaskbarOptions -Size Small -Lock -Dock Top -Combine Always
  5. Install-WindowsUpdate -AcceptEula