Actions

Kubernetes/Google GKE

From Ever changing code

< Kubernetes

Create a cluster

gcloud container clusters create \
    --cluster-version=1.13 --image-type=UBUNTU \
    --disk-type=pd-ssd --disk-size=10GB \
    --no-enable-cloud-logging --no-enable-cloud-monitoring \
    --addons=NetworkPolicy --issue-client-certificate \
    --region europe-west1-b --username=admin cluster-1
#   ----cluster-ipv4-cidr *.*.*.*

NAME       LOCATION        MASTER_VERSION  MASTER_IP       MACHINE_TYPE   NODE_VERSION  NUM_NODES  STATUS
cluster-1  europe-west1-b  1.13.7-gke.8    35.205.145.199  n1-standard-1  1.13.7-gke.8  3          RUNNING

#Free up some resources
watch -d kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
kubectl -n kube-system scale --replicas=0 deployment/kube-dns-autoscaler
kubectl -n kube-system scale --replicas=1 deployment/kube-dns


GKE creates a LimitRange resource in the default namespace, called limits, which gives Pods a 100m CPU request if not specified. This default is too high for some of the services, which can cause workloads not to schedule.

kubectl get limitrange limits
NAME     CREATED AT
limits   2019-07-13T12:55:57Z
kubectl delete limitrange limits
limitrange "limits" deleted

Resize cluster

To save some money you can resize you cluster to zero nodes, because for running Control-Plane nodes you are not billed. Example below resizes cluster-1 cluster.

$ gcloud container clusters resize cluster-1 --size=0
Pool [default-pool] for [cluster-1] will be resized to 0.
Do you want to continue (Y/n)?  y
Resizing cluster-1...done.                                                                                            
Updated [https://container.googleapis.com/v1/projects/responsive-sun-123456/zones/europe-west1-b/clusters/cluster-1]

All pods will get terminated and required pods eg. kube-dns, metrics-server will change status to pending. They will get rescheduled once nodes are added to the cluster.

Cluster commands

gcloud container clusters list
gcloud container clusters describe cluster-1
gcloud container clusters delete   cluster-1


Ssh to a node

kubectl get nodes
$ gcloud compute ssh gke-cluster-2-jan2020-default-pool-3e5d4a20-ctdg -- mount | grep mongo
WARNING: The public SSH key file for gcloud does not exist.
WARNING: The private SSH key file for gcloud does not exist.
WARNING: You do not have an SSH key for gcloud.
WARNING: SSH keygen will be executed to generate a key.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Updating project ssh metadata...-Updated [https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/responsive-sun-123456].                
Updating project ssh metadata...done.                                                                                           
Waiting for SSH key to propagate.
Warning: Permanently added 'compute.6068607934627948415' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
##############################################################################
# WARNING: Any changes on the boot disk of the node must be made via
#          DaemonSet in order to preserve them across node (re)creations.
#          Node will be (re)created during manual-upgrade, auto-upgrade,
#          auto-repair or auto-scaling.
#          See https://cloud.google.com/kubernetes-engine/docs/concepts/node-images#modifications
#          for more information.
##############################################################################
Connection to 35.205.228.133 closed.

# After ~10 min since PD disk has been created
$> gcloud compute ssh gke-cluster-2-jan2020-default-pool-3e5d4a20-ctdg -- mount | grep mongo
(...)
/dev/sdb on /var/lib/kubelet/plugins/kubernetes.io/gce-pd/mounts/mongo-disk type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /var/lib/kubelet/plugins/kubernetes.io/gce-pd/mounts/mongo-disk type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /home/kubernetes/containerized_mounter/rootfs/var/lib/kubelet/plugins/kubernetes.io/gce-pd/mounts/mongo-disk type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /home/kubernetes/containerized_mounter/rootfs/var/lib/kubelet/plugins/kubernetes.io/gce-pd/mounts/mongo-disk type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /var/lib/kubelet/pods/664cf988-41ed-11ea-b573-42010a8401d7/volumes/kubernetes.io~gce-pd/mongo-data type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /var/lib/kubelet/pods/664cf988-41ed-11ea-b573-42010a8401d7/volumes/kubernetes.io~gce-pd/mongo-data type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /home/kubernetes/containerized_mounter/rootfs/var/lib/kubelet/pods/664cf988-41ed-11ea-b573-42010a8401d7/volumes/kubernetes.io~gce-pd/mongo-data type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb on /home/kubernetes/containerized_mounter/rootfs/var/lib/kubelet/pods/664cf988-41ed-11ea-b573-42010a8401d7/volumes/kubernetes.io~gce-pd/mongo-data type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
Connection to 35.205.228.133 closed.


Convenience screenshot, please note mount binds are duplicated

ClipCapIt-200129-085910.PNG


List disks

$> gcloud compute disks list --filter="name=( 'mongo-disk' )"
NAME        LOCATION        LOCATION_SCOPE  SIZE_GB  TYPE         STATUS
mongo-disk  europe-west1-b  zone            10       pd-standard  READY

$> gcloud compute disks list mongo-disk # old syntax, still working as of 29/01/2020


Cluster

gcloud container clusters update  cluster-2 --enable-autoscaling    --node-pool=default-pool --min-nodes=3 --max-nodes=5 \
  # [--zone [COMPUTE_ZONE] --project [PROJECT_ID]]

# Disable autoscaling if you want to scale to zero as otherwise it may have undesirabel effects
gcloud container clusters update  cluster-2 --no-enable-autoscaling --node-pool=default-pool

gcloud container clusters resize [CLUSTER_NAME] --node-pool [POOL_NAME] --num-nodes [NUM_NODES]

Configure kubectl

$ gcloud container clusters get-credentials cluster-1 #--zone <europe-west1-b> --project <project>
Fetching cluster endpoint and auth data.
kubeconfig entry generated for cluster-1
$ cat ~/.kube/config 
apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    certificate-authority-data: 
AABBCCFF112233
    server: https://35.205.145.199
  name: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
    user: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
  name: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
current-context: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users:
- name: gke_responsive-sun-246311_europe-west1-b_cluster-1
  user:
    auth-provider:
      config:
        cmd-args: config config-helper --format=json
        cmd-path: /usr/lib/google-cloud-sdk/bin/gcloud
        expiry-key: '{.credential.token_expiry}'
        token-key: '{.credential.access_token}'
      name: gcp

Make yourself a cluster administrator

As the creator of the cluster, you might expect to be a cluster administrator by default, but on GKE, this isn’t the case.

kubectl create clusterrolebinding cluster-admin-binding \
      --clusterrole cluster-admin \
      --user $(gcloud config get-value account)

References